Rabbit Polyclonal Antibody
Interferons (IFNs) are involved in a multitude of immune interactions during viral infections and play a major role in both the induction and regulation of innate and adaptive antiviral mechanisms. During infection, host-virus interactions signal downstream molecules such as transcription factors such as IFN regulatory factor-3 (IRF3) which can act to stimulate transcription of IFN-alpha/beta genes. Another member, IRF7 has been shown to play a role in the transcriptional activation of virus-inducible cellular genes, including interferon beta chain genes. IRF4 expression is tightly regulated in resting primary T cells and plays an essential role in the homeostasis and function of mature lymphocytes. IRF4 is induced by Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation and acts as a negative regulator of TLR signaling.